Also called Beijing Government, a general term of the Republic of China government in Beijing controlled by Northern Warlords from 1912 to 1928. The Warlords who controlled the Northern Warlord Government included Duan Qirui, Feng Guozhang, Wang Sh izhen, Cao Kun, Wu Peifu, Zhang Zuolin and Sun Chuanfang, etc.
In 1921, Nationalist Party of China established the National Government in Guangzhou located in South China, China was essentially disunited, Beiyang Government was ever widely and internationally acknowledged as the official government of the Republic of China until 1928, replaced by the National Government. Later on, the son of Bai Niangzi grown up, he rescued his mother out. The operas in various forms on the theme of this story enjoy great popularity.