Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor

Silk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor

Silk Road extending from Chang'an, modern Xian, to Roma is the most important route in human history to link west and east from second century B.C to 16th century.  The routes shipped religions, plants, cultures, livestocks, art etc. between east and west so that the exchanges propelled the developments of human society,

Along the ancient Silk Road, there are 33 sites in Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan and China that are inscribed as World Heritage by UNESCO in 2014, and 22 of the sites in China.

1. Central China - ancient imperial capitals in the Central and Guanzhong Plains of China.
Luoyang City of the Eastern Han to Northern Wei Dynasty, Luoyang, Henan Province
Dingding Gate, Luoyang City of the Sui and Tang Dynasty, Luoyang, Henan Province
Longmen Grottoes (a preexisting World Heritage Site), Luoyang, Henan Province
Hangu Pass, Lingbao, Henan Province
Shihao section of Xiaohan Route, Xin'an County, Henan Province
Weiyang Palace, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
Daming Palace, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
Small Wild Goose Pagoda, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province
Xingjiao Temple, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province[12]
Bin County Cave Temple, Bin County, Shaanxi Province
Tomb of Zhang Qian, Chenggu County, Shaanxi Province
Maijishan Cave Temple Complex, Tianshui, Gansu Province

2. Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, connecting China Proper and Xinjiang.
Bingling Cave Temple Complex, Yongjing County, Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture, Gansu Province
Yumen Pass, Dunhuang, Gansu Province
Xuanquanzhi Posthouse, Dunhuang, Gansu Province
Mogao Caves (already inscribed on the World Heritage List), Dunhuang, Gansu Province
Suoyang City Ruins, Anxi, Gansu Province

3. North and South of Tianshan Mountains in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China
Qocho (Gaochang) City Ruins, Turpan, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Yar City Site of Bashbaliq City (Jiaohe Ruins), Turpan, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Beshbalik City Ruins, Jimsar County, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Kizil Gaha Beacon Tower, Kuqa, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Kizil Caves, Kuqa, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Subash Buddhist Temple Ruins, Kuqa, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region

4. Zhetysu Region of the Ili and Talas Valleys of Kazakhstan and the Chuy Valley of Kyrgyzstan
Site of Kayalyk, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
Karamergen, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
Talgar, Almaty Province, Kazakhstan
Aktobe, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
Kulan, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
Akyrtas, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
Ornek, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
Kostobe, Jambyl Province, Kazakhstan
Suyab (Site of Ak-Beshim), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan
City of Balasagun (Site of Burana), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan
City of Nevaket (Site of Krasnaya Rechka), Chuy Province, Kyrgyzstan