Hami, also known as Kumul, is a prefecture-level city in eastern Xinjiang, People's Republic of China. It is well known as the home of sweet Hami melons. In early 2016, the former Hami county-level city was merged with Hami Prefecture to form Hami prefecture-level city now known as Yizhou District.
Marco Polo reported visiting "Camul" in the mid-14th century and that was the name under which it first appeared on European maps, during the 16th century.
The Turks gained control of this region during the late Sui dynasty. The Mongols conquered this region during the Yuan Dynasty. L
The Ming Dynasty established this region as Kumul Hami in 1404 after the Mongol kingdom Qara Del accepted its supremacy. But it was later controlled by Oirat Mongols. Since the 18th century, Kumul became the center of the Kumul Khanate, a semi-autonomous vassal state within the Qing Empire and the Republic of China as part of Xinjiang. The last ruler of the khanate was Maqsud Shah.
Hami is favourable for the five types of grain including rice, two kinds of millet, wheat and beans. Particularly Hami Melon is well-known in China.
Travelers can visit Kumul Yardan (Mo Guicheng) Park near Hami and Uyghur King Mausoleum in the city.